Posts Tagged ‘Mexican States’

Towards universal pension coverage in Mexico

Tuesday, May 20th, 2014

HelpAge has published an 8-page briefing on social pensions in Mexico that is now available online.

Until recently, there was no social pension provision in Mexico; all pensions were earnings-related, financed with government subsidies and payroll taxes. Mexico introduced social pensions long after other Latin American countries, and for that reason had pension coverage of only 22 per cent as late as 2000. Just 13 years later, 88 per cent of older people had pensions. Nearly all of this remarkable increase in coverage was due to social pensions: non-contributory benefits, unrelated to employment records.

This briefing chronicles the rise of social pensions in Mexico. First, it summarises the pension system prior to the introduction of social pensions. Then, it describes how Mexico City, 17 of Mexico

Chiapas (Mexico): another update

Wednesday, April 9th, 2014

The current governor of the state of Chiapas is Manuel Velasco Coello, of the traditional Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI). He won 67.1% of the vote in the July 2012 election, in coalition with two small parties: the Ecological Green Party (PVEM) and the New Alliance Party (PANAL). During his campaign, Mr Velasco promised to continue the universal pension (Amanecer) begun in 2007 by governor Juan Sabines of the leftist PRD. A monthly pension of 550 pesos (42 US dollars) was given to all residents of the state 64 years of age and older, irrespective of wealth or income, from January of 2007 through December of 2012.

In 2013, the experiment of Chiapas with universal pensions came to an end. Shortly after taking office, in December 2012, the new governor announced that the Amanecer pension would continue, but with a change of rules. From now on, anyone receiving another pension – such as a contributory (social security) pension or the federal 65 y mas social pension – would not be eligible for the Amanecer pension. Many older persons had become accustomed to receiving two pensions – 550 pesos from the state, and another 500 pesos from the federal government – so were naturally upset when they were removed from the Amanecer roster. More than a thousand older residents of the state filed suits for reinstatement of rights to an Amanecer pension. Only one of these suits – that of an 88-year old woman from San Cristobal de las Casas – was successful. This was widely reported by the press on November 10th of last year.

The woman’s name is Micaela S

old age pensions in Mexico

Wednesday, January 22nd, 2014

I have just completed a short essay that summarizes my work on social pensions in Mexico. Regular readers of Thought du Jour will find nothing new here, but you might want to read a concise summary.

In 2000, 22% of Mexico

the end of universal pensions in Chiapas – update

Friday, December 20th, 2013

The new government of the state of Chiapas, in southern Mexico, has now completed its first year of office. The governor, despite pledges to retain universal pensions, continues to deny state pensions of 550 pesos (US$42) a month to seniors who are eligible for a federal 65+ pension of 525 pesos (US$40) a month. (more…)

social pensions in Mexican states

Wednesday, November 6th, 2013

For easy access to all TdJ posts on social pensions at the sub-federal level in Mexico, I have added the tag “Mexican States”. For access to information on states that have – or had – social pensions, click on the tag, or on

Tagged posts include the Federal District (DF), which contains Mexico City, as the DF is governed the same as any state in Mexico, with an elected governor and local Congress.

the end of universal pensions in Chiapas

Thursday, October 31st, 2013

Last year I blogged on social pensions in Chiapas – the only universal scheme in Mexico, aside from the Federal District, which includes Mexico City. The programme, called “Amanecer”, delivered a pension of 550 pesos a month to each senior resident aged 64 years and older. The beneficiaries numbered more than 238,000, yielding an apparent take-up (coverage) of nearly 100% of the targeted population.

A new governor has repeatedly said that the Amanecer scheme will continue. But, because of need for ‘austerity’, the rules are changing. Residents eligible for a federal pension of 525 pesos (about 40 US dollars) will no longer receive an Amanecer pension. Previously, residents from age 70 (age 65 from 2013) could claim both pensions, for a total of 1075 pesos (approximately 82 US dollars).

The government alleges that federal law prohibits giving a state pension to anyone who is eligible for a pension from the federal scheme. That is not true. The elderly of Chiapas now understand that they were not told the truth, and are protesting in the capital, Tuxtla Gutierrez. Now that the age of eligibility for a federal pension has been lowered to 65, only those aged 64 will be elegible for an Amanecer pension, but only until they reach their 65th birthday and become elegible for a federal pension.

The Chiapas experiment has come to a close, which is a shame.

Photo credit: “Reporte Ciudadano: ‘Programa Amanecer’“, Diario de Chiapas, 29 October 2013.


En Chiapas, … los adultos mayores … desde junio no han podido cobrar el apoyo mensual de 550 pesos.

Desde junio pasado, los adultos mayores han acudido a la sede del DIF estatal a cobrar su apoyo gubernamental, y un par de meses salieron con el desaire de los trabajadores de dicho programa, quienes les dijeron que ya hab

Mexico: a PRI-PRD accord on pensions

Wednesday, October 16th, 2013

Local politicians – especially in Mexico City – have voiced concern that Pe

social pensions in Jalisco (update)

Thursday, August 29th, 2013

I previously reported, here and here, that the government of Jalisco (Mexico) from 2012 was providing residents from age 70 with a top-up of the universal minimum pension provided by the federal government.

This ‘fact’ was widely reported in the press, but is patently false. From May of 2007, Jalisco provided residents aged 70 years and older with a means-tested social pension. Although the facts are murky, it appears that the state government now provides no social pensions of any kind to residents. Federal benefits in this instance have crowded out state benefits.

It is very difficult to know what is happening at the state level in Mexico. I think that I now have the facts straight, and hope to provide a summary report soon.

social pensions in Puebla (Mexico)

Friday, July 26th, 2013

While seeking information on social pensions in Mexico, I came across a 250-page “evaluation of social develpment policies in Mexico”, published in November 2012 by the Consejo Nacional de Evaluaci

take-up of universal pensions in Mexico City

Friday, July 19th, 2013

Take-up of Mexico City’s universal pension reached 97% in 2008, then fell to 81% and has not recovered. (See the chart below.) Something has happened. The purpose of this post is to investigate what, and why.

Take-up of pensions will never equal 100% of residents old enough to qualify, for two reasons. First, some of the elderly will not satisfy residency requirements (three years of continuous residence, in the case of Mexico City). Second, some wealthy residents,